(l) Dan. (m) Eph. 7:1.Chapter XIV.Of Saving Faith.I. (p) Deut. Yet notwithstanding, the persons of believers being accepted through Christ, their good works also are accepted in Him,(u) not as though they were in this life wholly unblamable and unreproveable in God’s sight;(w) but that He, looking upon them in His Son, is pleased to accept and reward that which is sincere, although accompanied with many weaknesses and imperfections. 7:29; Gen. Neither are the forementioned uses of the law contrary to the grace of the Gospel, but do sweetly comply with it;(w) the Spirit of Christ subduing and enabling the will of man to do that, freely and cheerfully, which the will of God, revealed in the law, requireth to be done. 28:19; I Cor. (f) II Cor. (p) Acts 8:13, 23.VI. (d) Matt. 11:24, 25, 26; Matt. (w) Job. (n) Rom. (e) John 4:23, 24. In the unity of the Godhead there be three Persons of one substance, power, and eternity: God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost. As Christ would have us to be certainly persuaded that there shall be a day of judgment, both to deter all men from sin, and for the greater consolation of the godly in their adversity;(f) so will He have that day unknown to men, that they may shake off all carnal security, and be always watchful, because they know not at what hour the Lord will come; and may be ever prepared to say, Come, Lord Jesus, come quickly, Amen. 7:14; Acts 2:39; Ezek. (l) Ps. Ghost eternally proceeding from the Father and the Son. 5:7. (q) Matt. 1:23; Isa. (g) Which sacrament is, by Christ’s own appointment, to be continued in His Church until the end of the world. 8:14, 15; I John 4:18. (m) Gal. (c) And the souls of the wicked are cast into hell, where they remain in torments and utter darkness, reserved to the judgment of the great day. (e) Eph. (i) Beside this law written in their hearts, they received a command, not to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, which while they kept, they were happy in their communion with God,(k) and had dominion over the creatures. All synods or councils, since the Apostles’ times, whether general or particular, may err; and many have erred. 5:4, 5, 6; Ps. (c) I Cor. Repentance unto life is an evangelical grace,(a) the doctrine whereof is to be preached by every minister of the Gospel, as well as that of faith in Christ. 15:21, 22, 49. God doth continue to forgive the sins of those that are justified:(o) and although they can never fall from the state of justification;(p) yet they may, by their sins, fall under God’s fatherly displeasure, and not have the light of His countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance. 4:1; Heb. (t) So shall this doctrine afford matter of praise, reverence, and admiration of God,(u) and of humility, diligence, and abundant consolation to all that sincerely obey the Gospel. 1:5. (i)(i) Matt. 9:8, 9, 10.V. (e) Acts 15:18; Ps. God alone is Lord of the conscience,(k) and hath left it free from the doctrines and commandments of men, which are in any thing contrary to His Word; or beside it, if matters of faith or worship. (n) Heb. 12:10; Acts 11:18. (b) Rom. 20:7; I Cor. 13:25; Ezra 10:5.III. 15:54, 55, 56, 57; Rom. 2:17, 22, 26; Gal. 1:1. 3:39. 11:5. 6:17, 18. (e) Eph. 3:23. 7:23.Chapter XXIII.Of the Civil Magistrate.I. (q)(o) Matt. 119:128; II Cor. 5:23. 44:25, 26. 2:1. This perseverance of the saints depends not upon their own free will, but upon the immutability of the decree of election, flowing from the free and unchangeable love of God the Father;(b) upon the efficacy of the merit and intercession of Jesus Christ;(c) the abiding of the Spirit, and of the seed of God within them;(d) and the nature of the covenant of grace:(e) from all which ariseth also the certainty and infallibility thereof. 4:10. (o) Rom. The Confession and the Catechisms are used by many churches as their doctrinal standards, subordinate to the Word of God. 20:8, 10, with Matt. 9:22, 25, 26, 28. 7:39. (o) Isa. (f) John 20:25, 27. 73:15; Ps. (q) I Cor. (c) Rom. 11:13; I Tim. 2:15, 16, 17, 18, 19. As God hath appointed the elect unto glory, so hath He, by the eternal and most free purpose of His will, fore-ordained all the means thereunto. 2:2, 3; Matt. (o) I John 5:12; Acts 4:12.IV. (m) Ps. 2:8. 3:18; II Cor. (k) Gal. 28:19, 20.VI. Private masses, or receiving this sacrament by a priest or any other alone;(g) as likewise, the denial of the cup to the people,(h) worshipping the elements, the lifting them up or carrying them about for adoration, and the reserving them for any pretended religious use; are all contrary to the nature of this sacrament, and to the institution of Christ. (d) I Pet. Works done by unregenerate men, although, for the matter of them, they may be things which God commands, and of good use both to themselves and others:(y) yet, because they proceed not from a heart purified by faith;(z) nor are done in a right manner according to the Word;(a) nor to a right end, the glory of God;(b) they are therefore sinful, and cannot please God, or make a man meet to receive grace from God. Of the holy Scripture. (g) Tit. 4:11, 12; I Cor. 122:9; Ezra 7:23, 25, 26, 27, 28; Lev. John 4:24. (d) Ps. 16:4.IV. 32:25, 26, 31; II Sam. 5:19, 21; Neh. (s) James 1:13, 14, 17; I John 2:16; Ps. 33:4. (l) Hos. 2:5. (t) John 5:39. 7:9; Rom. 6:9. (a)(a) Isa. The Father is of none, neither begotten, nor proceeding: the Son is eternally begotten of the Father: the Holy Ghost eternally proceeding from the … 2:15. Donate Now. 103:13. 28:18, 19, 20.II. 3:7; Acts 10:2. It is lawful for all sorts of people to marry, who are able with judgment to give their consent. This corruption of nature, during this life, doth remain in those that are regenerated;(l) and although it be, through Christ, pardoned and mortified, yet both itself and all the motions thereof are truly and properly sin. 2:4; Rev. (d) II Cor. 11:3, 4; Rev. 2:13; Rom. (d) Col. 2:18, Rev. (g) Luke 13:3, 5; Acts 17:30, 31.IV. (r) Gen. 50:20; Isa. 8:28; Ps. 8:12; Heb. 14:26, 40.VII. 2:11, 12; II Cor. (s) But, because these original tongues are not known to all the people of God, who have right unto, and interest in the Scriptures, and are commanded, in the fear of God, to read and search them,(t) therefore they are to be translated into the vulgar language of every nation unto which they come,(u) that the Word of God dwelling plentifully in all, they may worship Him in an acceptable manner;(w) and, through patience and comfort of the Scriptures, may have hope. Faith, thus receiving and resting on Christ and His righteousness, is the alone instrument of justification;(d) yet is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is no dead faith, but worketh by love. (d) Yet, as in matters of weight and moment, an oath is warranted by the Word of God, under the New Testament, as well as under the Old;(e) so a lawful oath, being imposed by lawful authority, in such matters ought to be taken. (i)(h) Rom. From everlasting to everlasting, thou art God. 4; I Pet. 2:14, 15; Rom. III. (x) Deut. 5:19; Heb. 15:3; Ps. (f) Acts. 2:1, 5; Col. 81:11, 12; II Thess. 19:21 with Eccles. 5:2, 5.II. 5:12, 13, 14.III. 51:8, 12; Isa. 25:21; Acts 3:19; II Thess. (c) Gen. 2:16, 17; Gen. 3:6.III. 7:24, 25; Rom. 18:17, 18; John 20:21, 22, 23; II Cor. 10:16, 17, 21; I Cor. 9:12, 15.VI. 8:33; Luke 10:20.Chapter IV.Of Creation.I. 1:3. (h) In His sight all things are open and manifest;(i) His knowledge is infinite, infallible, and independent upon the creature,(k) so as nothing is to Him contingent, or uncertain. 8:19, 20. 8:23, 24, 25. 1:23, with Acts 3:21 & Eph. 24:1. 5:11; Rev. 31:33, 34. 8:34; Acts 13:42; Luke 4:16; Acts 2:42.VII. 2:8, 9; Tit. 16:19; Matt. 16:61, 62, 63. 3:3, 6. 24:16; Deut. 4:8. (i) Rom. (g) Acts 17:31. 11:23 to 29; Acts 2:42. 14:10, 12; Matt. (f) Ezek. (i) John 1:12; Acts 16:31; Gal. (f)(e) I Thess. (k) Heb. 5:9. 8:33 to the end; John 17:11, 24; Luke 22:32; Heb. 2:2; Acts 20:32; Rom. (n) Rom. (l)(i) II Tim. All things in Scripture are not alike plain in themselves, nor alike clear unto all:(p) yet those things which are necessary to be known, believed, and observed for salvation, are so clearly propounded and opened in some place of Scripture or other, that not only the learned, but the unlearned, in a due use of the ordinary means, may attain unto a sufficient understanding of them. (c)(a) Eph. 10:7; Ps. 15:9.V. (o) I Cor. 1:19, 21; II Tim. 1:6, 12.VI. 6:15, 16; Ps. (b) Rom. (i) I Kings 8:27; Jer. 1:3, 4; I Tim. 3:16, 17, 18, 19; John 1:16; Eph. 62:8; Josh. 36:31; Isa. 51:8, 10, 12; Rev. 116:12, 13; I Pet. 3:9, 14 and Col. 2:11, 12 & Acts 2:38, 39 & Rom. 6:13 with Neh. 11:33; Deut. 2:13. 4:4, 5; Acts 13:39; Rom. 2:10, 11, 12. 6:14. 3:14. This catholic Church hath been sometimes more, sometimes less visible. 13:3, 4 with II John ver. 4:30. (b) I Cor. (f) Gal. 9:11, 13, 16, 18.III. 7:20. (w) John 5:22, 27; Matt. ... Three breathless sentences open up the wonder of creation; the remainder of the Confession shows how "God the great Creator" providentially "upholds" "all things", or, as the letter to the Hebrews says, "he sustains all things by his powerful word" (Heb 1:3). 1:4, 9, 11; Rom. (g) Gen. 34:14; Exod. (n) John 3:8. (u) I Cor. (g) Rom 11:36. 14:23; Isa. (g) Isa. 7:3, 4; I Kings 11:4; Neh. (k) And the heavenliness of the matter, the efficacy of the doctrine, the majesty of the style, the consent of all the parts, the scope of the whole (which is, to give all glory to God), the full discovery it makes of the only way of man’s salvation, the many other incomparable excellencies, and the entire perfection thereof, are arguments whereby it doth abundantly evidence itself to be the Word of God: yet notwithstanding, our full persuasion and assurance of the infallible truth and divine authority thereof, is from the inward work of the Holy Spirit bearing witness by and with the Word in our hearts. 8:9.III. There is a singular divine counsel, according to Ephesians 1:9-11, by which God works all things. 10:12; Ps. (r) Ezra 9:13, 14; Ps. 50:10. 1:19; John 6:44, 45. 1:15, 16, 18. (t) So as, a man’s doing good, and refraining from evil, because the law encourageth to the one and deterreth from the other, is no evidence of his being under the law; and not under grace. Although ignorant and wicked men receive the outward elements in this sacrament: yet they receive not the thing signified thereby, but by their unworthy coming thereunto are guilty of the body and blood of the Lord to their own damnation. 10:2; John 16:2; I Sam. (d) Luke 3:14; Rom. (e) Tit. From our side of it, however, each individual event that occurs in our observable and measurable world, open to verification and analysis, can properly be spoken of as having been planned and purposed and even decreed by God. (d)(y) II Kings 10:30, 31; I Kings 21:27, 29; Phil. 2:7.IV. 2:13; Deut. 28:19; Eph. 1:7. I. (e)(c) Matt. 8:20; Acts 15:15; John 5:39, 46. 38, 39; I Cor. (m)(m) Acts 3:21 with I Cor. The sacraments of the Old Testament, in regard to the spiritual things thereby signified and exhibited, were, for substance, the same with those of the New. (d) Heb. (s) Heb. 76:10; II Kings 19:28. 4:13; II Cor. 7:22, 23. 4:13; Eph. 23. (a) Ps. 5:6, 7, 13; II Thess. Although the light of nature and the works of creation and providence do so far manifest the goodness, wisdom, and power of God, as to leave men unexcusable;(a) yet are they not sufficient to give that knowledge of God and of His will, which is necessary unto salvation. 2:13, 14; II Cor. 2:16; Luke 17:10. II. (p) II Sam. (l) Rev. God, the Confession is at pains to emphasise, has one purpose, one plan. (m)(f) Phil. (f) Heb. 3:16.III. 14:4; Ps. 77 to ver. 14:14.IV. 19:5; I Kings 22:28, 34; Isa. The grace of faith, whereby the elect are enabled to believe to the saving of their souls,(a) is the work of the Spirit of Christ in their hearts;(b) and is ordinarily wrought by the ministry of the Word:(c) by which also, and by the administration of the sacraments, and prayer, it is increased and strengthened. (f) Job 22:2, 3. 20:7; Jer. 15:9; Acts 17:25; Matt. 31:33.Chapter XX.Of Christian Liberty, and Liberty of Conscience.I. (p) Luke 22:32; John 10:28; Heb. 7:22; Matt. 6:3, 4, 5, and Tit. 8:1, 12; I John 3:2, 3; Ps. 36:27; Heb. Of God, and of the Holy Trinity There is but one only, (Deut. (l)(c) James 2:18, 22. Under the name of Holy Scripture, or the Word of God written, are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testament, which are these:Of the Old Testament:GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuthI. (z) Deut. (g) Isa. 2:2; Isa. 12:13. (n) Matt. (m) So that two whole, perfect, and distinct natures, the Godhead and the manhood, were inseparably joined together in one person, without conversion, composition, or confusion. 19:10; Rom. 40:7, 8 with Heb. 1:3, 4; Ps. (o) II Cor. 3:25, 26. 16:27. (b) I Cor. The rest of mankind God was pleased, according to the unsearchable counsel of His own will, whereby He extendeth or withholdeth mercy, as He pleaseth, for the glory of His sovereign power over His creatures, to pass by; and to ordain them to dishonour and wrath, for their sin, to the praise of His glorious justice. 20:15; Eph. 5:18. 19:8, 9, 10, 11; II Chron. For the better government, and further edification of the Church, there ought to be such assemblies as are commonly called synods or councils. 10:10. 5:4, 5. 3:12. 11:23. (l) Acts 15:18; Ezek. 13:17. (e) All which ceremonial laws are now abrogated, under the new testament. There are only two sacraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the Gospel; that is to say, Baptism and the Supper of the Lord: neither of which may be dispensed by any but by a minister of the Word lawfully ordained. Although hypocrites and other unregenerate men may vainly deceive themselves with false hopes, and carnal presumptions of being in the favour of God, and estate of salvation;(a) which hope of theirs shall perish:(b) yet such as truly believe in the Lord Jesus, and love Him in sincerity, endeavouring to walk in all good conscience before Him, may, in this life, be certainly assured that they are in the state of grace,(c) and may rejoice in the hope of the glory of God, which hope shall never make them ashamed. 10:14; Eph. (o) II Sam. The books commonly called Apocrypha, not being of divine inspiration, are no part of the canon of the Scripture; and therefore are of no authority in the Church of God, nor to be any otherwise approved, or made use of, than other human writings. 2:28, 29; I Pet. 3:1. 12:23; I John 3:2; Jude ver. (i) Gen. 6:5; Gen. 8:21; Rom. 1:4, 5; Eph. 5:12; Exod. (This returns to Gregg’s comments equating “loving God entirely” with the state of being “loved and in love with God,” rather than loving being first an action). 3:20; Rom. 1:10. (l) Luke 22:31, 32; Eph. 17:9; Rom. 3:9. 2:6; Luke 1:33. (o)(n) I Cor. (k) Matt. 5 chap. By the decree of God, for the manifestation of His glory, some men and angels(f) are predestinated unto everlasting life, and others fore-ordained to everlasting death. working all things according to the counsel of his own immutable and most righteous will, 9:24; Heb. 6:17; Rom. 20:8; Exod. 59:21.VI. (n) Col. 1:21, 22; Gal. 27:46. 8:30. 8:30; Rom. (o) I Pet. Elect infants, dying in infancy, are regenerated, and saved by Christ through the Spirit,(m) who worketh when, and where, and how He pleaseth:(n) so also, are all other elect persons who are uncapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word. (o) I John 2:1, 2; Rom. nor deriving any glory from them, but only manifesting his own glory in, by, unto, and (x) Deut. 3:7, 8, 9, 14.VI. (g) John 6:44, 65; Eph. 3:24; Rom. (l) I Cor. 23:11, 12; Matt. 66:13, 14.VI. Marriage is to be between one man and one woman: neither is it lawful for any man to have more than one wife, nor for any woman to have more than one husband; at the same time. 6:14; I John 5:4; Eph. (h) Ps. 12:7 & Luke 23:43 and Matt. 16:18; Ps. The name of God only is that by which men ought to swear; and therein it is to be used with all holy fear and reverence. 14:4. 1:21. 11:36. 19:11. (g)(d) Rom. 40:13, 14, 15, 16, 17; Job. 5:7; Matt. (l) Not is it to be violated, although made to heretics, or infidels. (b) II Cor. (k) I John 5:14. 7:15, 18, 19, 21, 23.V. (i) I Pet. (t) II John ver. I. 4:2. (g)(f) II Pet. 8, 9, 10, 11. (g) Ps. 2:2; Ps. 4:28; I Peter 4:2; I Cor. (g) Rom. (d) Mal. 15:25, 26; Mal. (x) Rom. all his commands. 145:17. (z) Matt. The doctrine as believe by the reformed community is specified in the Westminster confession: "In the unity of the Godhead there be three persons, of one substance, power, and eternity; God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Ghost. 15:43; Phil. The Westminster Confession of Faith appears to explicitly state that God is the author of sin. 11:3. 3:10.III. 3:16; I John 5:9; I Thess. (h) Gen. 24:2, 3, 5, 6, 8, 9. The Westminster Confession of Faith stands at the peak of a great devel­opment of English Reformed theology and represents a developed covenant theology that is true to Scripture and flows inherently out of the Reformed system of doctrine. 10:14. 13:47; Isa. And because the powers which God hath ordained, and the liberty which Christ hath purchased, are not intended by God to destroy, but mutually to uphold and preserve one another; they who, upon pretence of Christian liberty, shall oppose any lawful power, or the lawful exercise of it, whether it be civil or ecclesiastical, resist the ordinance of God. 11:20.IV. 12:24; Heb. (b) Matt. 1:11, 12, 14; I John 3:16, 17, 18; Gal. 119:68. (k) Eph. (q) Matt. 6:23; Rom. 3:5, 7; Eph. 1:3. 8:1. (t) I John 4:8, 16. 5:24; Rom. 11:33. (f)(b) I Cor. The Ligonier Ministries site requires Javascript, but you’ve got Javascript disabled. preserved in the Church, that the truth of God be kept pure and entire; that all blasphemies and heresies be suppressed; all corruptions and abuses in worship and discipline prevented or reformed; and all the ordinances of God duly settled, administrated, and observed. (w)(p) Ps. (k) Heb. 15:21, 22, 23.II. 5:1, 6, 8; Phil. 3:27.IV. (f) Yet, inasmuch as He was given by the Father for them;(g) and His obedience and satisfaction accepted in their stead;(h) and both freely, not for anything in them; their justification is only of free grace;(i) that both the exact justice, and rich grace of God, might be glorified in the justification of sinners. 7:1; Rom. 24.Chapter X.Of Effectual Calling.I. 28:19, 20; I Cor. (b)(w) Rom. A vow is of the like nature with a promissory oath, and ought to be made with the like religious care, and to be performed with the like faithfulness. 22:1 to 29; Gen. 49:10 with I Pet. 1:20; I Cor. 5:17. (l) Eph. 22:30, Isa. 22:19, 20, 21; Luke 1:3, 4; Rom. 3:15, 16, 17; Gal. 14:6, 9, 11, 12, 24, 27, 28. (o) Phil. 88 throughout; Isa. (m) Rom. 32:5; Matt. 31:15, 16, 17; Isa. 28:19, 20.II. (g) Exod. Introduction This explanation of the Westminster Confession of Faith is written to make plain the original intent meaning of the doctrines and church ordinances of the ministers and elder governors, who adopted the Confession to be the confession of the Church of Scotland in 1647. 17:12; James 1:14; Deut. 6:9, 10 with Acts 28:26, 27.VII. 1:9, 10. (i)(g) Rom. 4:3; I Cor. worship, service, or obedience he is pleased to require of them. 49:23; Ps. (q) I John 3:9; Luke 22:32; Job 13:15; Ps. 58:13; Matt. (i) Mark 6:18; Lev. 9:32, 33. (b) Dan. (s) Isa. 1:11; Ps. (r) Mic. (b)(a) Gen. 3:13; II Cor. 1:30, 31; Rom. (f) I Kings 8:31; Neh. 6:16, 17, 18.II. 12:32; Matt. 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