The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948 (Act no. the insurance scheme contained in the act has up till date, been applied to a few selected localities. (2) It extends to the whole of India 2***. The act of 1948 was amended by the amendment acts of 1966,1975,1984,1989,and1997. The Employees’ State Insurance Act is applicable to the whole of India. The Act extends to the whole of India. The Employees State Insurance Act,1948 is a great landmark in the history of social security legislation in India. Employee State Insurance Act 1948 Multiple Choice Questions and Answers for competitive exams. The Central Government has empowered to enforce different provisions of the Act in different states or part thereof on different dates. Though enacted in 1948, this act went live from 2nd February 1952 firstly for two industrial centres of India such as Delhi & Kanpur. Workers earning less than 15,000/Month are covered under the act. To begin with, the ESI scheme was initially launched on 2 nd February 1952 at just two industrial centers in the country namely Kanpur and Delhi with total coverage of about 1.20 lakh workers. Non-seasonal factories employing 20 or more employees and using power are covered under this Act. The promulgation of Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948 envisaged an integrated need based social insurance scheme that would protect the interest of workers in contingencies such as sickness, maternity, temporary or permanent physical disablement, and death due to employment injury resulting in loss of wages or earning capacity. This is a social welfare legislation for the workers across India. (1) The Corporation may appoint such persons as 115 [Social Security Officers], as it thinks fit, for the purposes of this Act, within such local limits as it may assign to them. Its object is to protect the interest of workers and their families, who are exposed to the risks of sickness, employment injury, occupational diseases and Maternity in case of female employees. Employees State Insurance Act, 1948 | Employee's State Insurance Corporation, Ministry of Labour & Employment, Government of India These short objective type questions with answers are very important for Board exams as well as competitive exams. The Employees State Insurance Act 1948 or ESI Act 1948 was enacted by the Parliament of India in 1948. Employee Benefits: These short solved questions or quizzes are provided by Gkseries. The Employees' State Insurance Act, provides for certain benefits to employees in case of sickness, maternity and employment injury. The employee ‘ State insurance act extends to the whole of India, including the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Section 45 in The Employees' State Insurance Act, 1948 45 115 [Social Security Officers], their functions and duties. 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