Sweet sorghum is generally harvested either by a cane harvester or by hand. Sugar concentration is measured in Brix. There has been much media recently on alternative sweeteners and there is a lot of confusion about what sorghum syrup is, and we thought who better to set us straight. MS thesis, West Texas A&M University, Canyon, Texas, USA, p 101, Gnansounou E, Dauriat A, Wyman CE (2005) Refining sweet sorghum to ethanol and sugar: economic trade-offs in the context of North China. Surprisingly, the sweet sorghum varieties M-81E, NS-105, Dale, and Topper 76-6 had equally low estimated sugar yields, which can be largely attributed to their low … Home; Profil. HISTORY OF SORGHUM IMPROVEMENT using crosses between local varieties or local exotic for variety production; and (3) exploitation of heterosis through the development of single-cross hybrids from inbred parents (Yang, 1997). The history of sorghum, an Old World grass, is intertwined with war, independence and poverty. Stalks and leaves are coated with a white wax, and the pith, or central portion, of the stalks of certain varieties is juicy and sweet. Over the centuries, sorghum has planted its roots in many U.S. states, and crossbreeding has created many of the commonly consumed varieties. One species, Sorghum bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa and has since spread throughout the globe. The plant grows to a height of from about 120 to more than 400 cm with a sugar content of 16–23% BX, depending on the varieties and growth. After flowering, the grain begins to form. Forage Research in Texas. Hybrid sorghums were first … pp 1-15 | Ronni Lundy has written a book called Sorghum’s Savor, which brings us the history of this classic southern US sweetener, along with recipes both savory and dessert focused. Vinall HN, Stephens JC, Martin JH (1936) Identification, history, and distribution of common sorghum varieties. Media in category "Sweet sorghum" The following 10 files are in this category, out of 10 total. J Agric Res 75:295–300, Reddy BVS, Ramesh S, Ashok Kumar A, Wani SP, Ortiz R, Ceballos H, Sreedevi TK (2008) Bio-fuel crops research for energy security and rural development in developing countries. Sorghum is a genus of flowering plants in the grass family Poaceae, which includes about 25 species. The History of Sorghum. It is a native of Africa, a drought- … Sweet sorghum is predominantly grown for sorghum syrup. Sorghum adapted to a wide range of environments throughout Africa, spreading from the highlands of Ethiopia to the semi-arid Sahel. One tonne of sweet sorghum biomass has the potential to yield 74 l of 200 ° proof alcohol. The candidate feedstock characteristic traits of sweet sorghum vis-a-vis other major biofuel feedstocks like sugarcane, corn and sugar beet were compared. Crop Prot 24:251–258, Cosentino SL, Mantineo M, Testa G (2012) Water and nitrogen balance of sweet sorghum (, de Wet JMJ (1978) Systematics and evolution of, de Wet JMJ, Harlan JR (1971) The origin and domestication of, Doggett H (1988) Sorghum. Click cancel to return to SimplySorghum.com. Srinivasa Rao P, Reddy BVS, Blümmel M, Subbarao GV, Chandraraj K, Sanjana Reddy P, Parathasarathy Rao P (2010) Sweet sorghum as a biofuel feedstock: can there be food-feed-fuel trade-offs? Texas Agricultural Experimental Station, Stephenville, USA, Srinivasa Rao P, Rao SS, Seetharama N, Umakanth AV, Sanjana Reddy P, Reddy BVS, Gowda CLL (2009) Sweet sorghum for biofuel and strategies for its improvement. The commercial technology required to ferment sweet sorghum biomass into alcohol has been perfected in Brazil. FAO Corporate Document Repository. ICRISAT, Patancheru, p 238, Kumar CG, Fatima A, Srinivasa Rao P, Reddy BVS, Rathore A, Rao RN, Khalid S, Ashok Kumar A, Kamal A (2010) Characterization of improved sweet sorghum genotypes for biochemical parameters, sugar yield and its attributes at different phenological stages. Sweet sorghum is any of the many varieties of the sorghum grass whose stalks have a high sugar content. Not logged in Sweet sorghum is a grass of Old World origin. History of sweet sorghum syrup R&D United States of America (U.S.A.) was the pioneer in producing syrup from SS. Crop Sci 12:172–176, House LR (1980) A guide to sorghum breeding. Some of these species have grown as cereals for human consumption and some in pastures for animals. As the grain matures, it transforms from a soft grain with a light green color to a hard grain with its final color, which can be white, tan, bronze or red. Sorghum grain or sweet sorghum biomass is used for ethanol production. In the U.S., the first known record of sorghum comes from Ben Franklin who wrote about its application in producing brooms in 1757. This thirty year old picture of "pioneer days" shows an old molasses operation. Sweet sorghum fares well in many aspects as it is a C4 species with greater resilience to diverse agro-ecologies, low fertilizer and water requirement besides short lifecycle. The juice is then filtered and placed into a settling tank where specific retention times are required to remove impurities before being transferred into an evaporator. A United States patent offi- cer introduced sweet sorghum to American in 1853. Sweet sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] is a multipurpose crop (food, feed, fodder and fuel) that has the potential as an alternative biofuel feedstock without impacting food and fodder security.This chapter entitled “Sweet sorghum: From theory to practice” discusses on the historical developments in sweet sorghum and immense range of genetic variability that was available … Longman Scientific and Technical, London, Duvall MR, Doebley JF (1990) Restriction site variation in the chloroplast genome of. Sorghum grows well even in arid climates, which is probably why it spread across Africa. Hn, Stephens JC, Martin JH ( 1936 ) Identification, history and. Gram of sugar in 100 grams of juice is not responsible for the next three decades it was unknown the... China and eventually worked its way into Australia bicolor, was originally domesticated in Africa, spreading the. Grown in Iraq, and distribution of common sorghum varieties from the highlands of Ethiopia to the and. 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